jurisdiction


jurisdiction
A term of comprehensive import embracing every kind of judicial action. Federal Land Bank of Louisville, Ky. v. Crombie, 258 Ky. 383, 80 S.W.2d 39, 40. It is the power of the court to decide a matter in controversy and presupposes the existence of a duly constituted court with control over the subject matter and the parties. Pinner v. Pinner, 33 N.C.App. 204, 234 S.E.2d 633. Jurisdiction defines the powers of courts to inquire into facts, apply the law, make decisions, and declare judgment. Police Com'r of Boston v. Municipal Court of Dorchester Dist., 374 Mass. 640, 374 N.E.2d 272, 285. The legal right by which judges exercise their authority. Max Ams, Inc. v. Barker, 293 Ky. 698, 170 S.W.2d 45, 48. It exists when court has cognizance of class of cases involved, proper parties are present, and point to be decided is within powers of court. United Cemeteries Co. v. Strother, 342 Mo. 1155, 119 S.W.2d 762, 765. Power and authority of a court to hear and determine a judicial proceeding; and power to render particular judgment in question. In re De Camillis' Estate, 66 Misc.2d 882, 322 N.Y.S.2d 551, 556. The right and power of a court to adjudicate concerning the subject matter in a given case. Biddinger v. Fletcher, 224 Ga. 501, 162 S.E.2d 414, 416. The term may have different meanings in different contexts. Martin v. Luther, C.A.I11., 689 F.2d 109, 114. Areas of authority; the geographic area in which a court has power or types of cases it has power to hear. Scope and extent of jurisdiction of federal courts is governed by 28 U.S.C.A. No. 1251 et seq.
For ancillary jurisdiction
- appellate jurisdiction
- equity jurisdiction
- primary jurisdiction
- probate jurisdiction
- territorial jurisdiction; and voluntary jurisdiction, see those titles.
For original jurisdiction, see original.
For diversity jurisdiction, see diversity of Citizenship.
For federal question jurisdiction, see federal question jurisdiction.
For jurisdiction over nonresidents or foreign corporations, see long arm statutes

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • jurisdiction — ju·ris·dic·tion /ˌju̇r əs dik shən/ n [Latin jurisdictio, from juris, genitive of jus law + dictio act of saying, from dicere to say] 1: the power, right, or authority to interpret, apply, and declare the law (as by rendering a decision) to be… …   Law dictionary

  • jurisdiction — jur‧is‧dic‧tion [ˌdʒʊərsˈdɪkʆn ǁ ˌdʒʊr ] noun [uncountable] LAW the official right and power to make decisions about something: jurisdiction over • The bankruptcy court now has jurisdiction over the company s assets. • This matter is outside my …   Financial and business terms

  • jurisdiction — JURISDICTION. s. f. (l S ne se prononce point,) & beaucoup écrivent Juridiction. Pouvoir du Juge, de celuy qui a droit de juger. Jurisdiction Ecclesiastique. Jurisdiction Laïque. Jurisdiction ordinaire. cela est de vostre jurisdiction, sous… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • jurisdiction — Jurisdiction, Iurisdictio. Petites jurisdictions et destroicts estans en Italie, où les Romains envoyoient tous les ans quelqu un pour les gouverner et dire droict, Praefecturae. Exercer jurisdiction, Dicere ius. Exercice de la jurisdiction,… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Jurisdiction — Ju ris*dic tion, n. [L. jurisdictio; jus, juris, right, law + dictio a saying, speaking: cf. OF. jurisdiction, F. juridiction. See {Just}, a., and {Diction}.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Law) The legal power, right, or authority of a particular court to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • jurisdiction — (n.) early 14c. administration of justice (attested from mid 13c. in Anglo Latin), from O.Fr. juridiccion (13c.) and directly from L. iurisdictionem (nom. iurisdictio) administration of justice, jurisdiction, from ius (gen. iuris; see JURIST (Cf …   Etymology dictionary

  • Jurisdiction — (v. tat), 1) im Allgemeinen die Befugniß, Recht zu sprechen; daher so v.w. Gerichtsbarkeit (s.d.); 2) im alten Rom die Befugniß zu dem, was der Magistrat im ordentlichen Verfahren zur Einleitung des Processes zu thun hatte. Die J. kam nur den… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • jurisdiction — *power, authority, control, command, sway, dominion Analogous words: limits, bounds, confines (see singular nouns at LIMIT): *range, scope, compass, reach: circuit, periphery (see CIRCUMFERENCE): province, office, *function, duty: domain,… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • jurisdiction — [n] area of authority administration, arbitration, area, authority, bailiwick, bounds, circuit, command, commission, compass, confines, control, discretion, district, domination, dominion, empire, extent, field, hegemony, influence, inquisition,… …   New thesaurus

  • jurisdiction — ► NOUN 1) the official power to make legal decisions and judgements. 2) the territory or sphere over which the legal authority of a court or other institution extends. 3) a system of law courts. DERIVATIVES jurisdictional adjective. ORIGIN Latin …   English terms dictionary

  • jurisdiction — [joor΄is dik′shən] n. [ME jurisdiccioun, altered (infl. by L) < OFr juridiction < L jurisdictio, administration of the law < jus (gen. juris,), law + dictio: see JURY1 & DICTION] 1. the administering of justice; authority or legal power… …   English World dictionary